Getting Started as a Contributer¶
Icarus Verilog development is centered around the github repository at github.com/steveicarus/iverilog. Contributing to Icarus Verilog requires a basic knowledge of git and github, so see the github documentation for more information. The sections below will step you through the basics of getting the source code from github, making a branch, and submitting a pull request for review.
Getting Icarus Verilog¶
To start, you will need to clone the code. It is preferred that you use the “ssh” method, and the ssh based clone with the command:
% git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:steveicarus/iverilog.git
This assumes that you have a github account (accounts are free) and you have set up your ssh authentication keys. See the Authentication Guides here.
The “git clone” command will get you all the source:
% git clone email@example.com:steveicarus/iverilog.git Cloning into 'iverilog'... remote: Enumerating objects: 66234, done. remote: Counting objects: 100% (6472/6472), done. remote: Compressing objects: 100% (4123/4123), done. remote: Total 66234 (delta 2412), reused 6039 (delta 2190), pack-reused 59762 Receiving objects: 100% (66234/66234), 27.98 MiB | 2.53 MiB/s, done. Resolving deltas: 100% (50234/50234), done. % cd iverilog/
Normally, this is enough as you are now pointing at the most current development code, and you have implicitly created a branch “master” that tracks the development head. However, If you want to actually be working on a specific version, say for example version 11, the v11-branch, you checkout that branch with the command:
% git checkout --track -b v11-branch origin/v11-branch
This creates a local branch that tracks the v11-branch in the repository, and switches you over to your new v11-branch. The tracking is important as it causes pulls from the repository to re-merge your local branch with the remote v11-branch. You always work on a local branch, then merge only when you push/pull from the remote repository.
Now that you’ve cloned the repository and optionally selected the branch you want to work on, your local source tree may later be synced up with the development source by using the git command:
% git pull Already up to date.
Finally, configuration files are built by the extra step:
% sh autoconf.sh Autoconf in root... Precompiling lexor_keyword.gperf Precompiling vhdlpp/lexor_keyword.gperf
You will need autoconf and gperf installed in order for the script to work. If you get errors such as:
% sh autoconf.sh Autoconf in root... autoconf.sh: 10: autoconf: not found Precompiling lexor_keyword.gperf autoconf.sh: 13: gperf: not found.
You will need to install download and install the autoconf and gperf tools.
Now you are ready to configure and compile the source.
Icarus Specific Configuration Options¶
Icarus takes many of the standard configuration options and those will not be described here. The following are specific to Icarus Verilog:
This option allows the user to build Icarus with a default suffix or when provided a user defined suffix. All programs or directories are tagged with this suffix. e.g.(iverilog-0.8, vvp-0.8, etc.). The output of iverilog will reference the correct run time files and directories. The run time will check that it is running a file with a compatible version e.g.(you can not run a V0.9 file with the V0.8 run time).
A debug options is:
This option adds extra memory cleanup code and pool management code to allow better memory leak checking when valgrind is available. This option is not need when checking for basic errors with valgrind.
Compiling on Linux¶
(Note: You will need to install bison, flex, g++ and gcc) This is probably the easiest step. Given that you have the source tree from the above instructions, the compile and install is generally as simple as:
% ./configure configure: loading site script /usr/share/site/x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu checking build system type... x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu checking host system type... x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu checking for gcc... gcc checking whether the C compiler works... yes checking for C compiler default output file name... a.out checking for suffix of executables... [...and so on...] % make mkdir dep Using git-describe for VERSION_TAG g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I. -Ilibmisc -Wall -Wextra -Wshadow -g -O2 -MD -c main.cc -o main.o mv main.d dep/main.d g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I. -Ilibmisc -Wall -Wextra -Wshadow -g -O2 -MD -c async.cc -o async.o mv async.d dep/async.d g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I. -Ilibmisc -Wall -Wextra -Wshadow -g -O2 -MD -c design_dump.cc -o design_dump.o mv design_dump.d dep/design_dump.d g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I. -Ilibmisc -Wall -Wextra -Wshadow -g -O2 -MD -c discipline.cc -o discipline.o [...and so on...]
The end result is a complete build of Icarus Verilog. You can install your compiled version with a command like this:
% sudo make install
Icarus Verilog comes with a fairly extensive regression test suite. As of 2022, that test suite is included with the source in the “ivtest” directory. Contained in that directory are a couple driver scripts that run all the regression tests on the installed version of Icarus Verilog. So for example:
% cd ivtest % ./vvp_reg.pl --strict
will run all the regression tests for the simulation engine. (This is what most people will want to do.) You should rerun this test before submitting patches to the developers. Also, if you are adding a new feature, you should add test programs to the regression test suite to validate your new feature (or bug fix.)
Note that pull requests will be required to pass these regression tests before being merged.
Forks, Branches and Pull Requests¶
Currently, the preferred way to submit patches to Icarus Verilog is via pull requests. Pull requests can be created from the main repository if you have write access (very few people have write access) or more commonly from a fork, so the first step is to create a fork that you can work with. It is easy enough to create a fork, just go to the github.com/steveicarus/iverilog page and use the “fork” button in the upper right corner. This will create a new repository that you can clone instead of the steveicarus/iverilog repository. You then use your local repository to create feature branches, then submit them for inclusion in the main repository as pull requests. Remember to synchronize your fork periodically with the main repository. This will make sure your work is based on the latest upstream and avoid merge conflicts.
Create your patch by first creating a branch that contains your commits:
% git checkout -b my-github-id/branch-name
We are encouraging using this scheme for naming your branches that are destined for pull requests. Use your github id in the branch name. So for example:
% git checkout -b steveicarus/foo-feature
Do your work in this branch, then when you are ready to create a pull request, first push the branch up to github:
% git push -u origin my-github-id/branch-name
Then go to github.com to create your pull request. Create your pull request against the “master” branch of the upstream repository, or the version branch that you are working on. Your pull reuqest will be run through continuous integration, and reviewed by one of the main authors. Feedback may be offered to your PR, and once accepted, an approved individual will merge it for you. Then you are done.